Category Archives: general

Code of Federal Regulations

As defined by the U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO), the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. 1

As the ATF so succinctly puts it, CFR means the Code of Federal Regulations in which Federal firearms regulations are published. 2

National Firearms Act

The National Firearms Act (NFA) of 1934 is a United States law that was approved 26 Jun 1934. It imposed a tax on the making and transfer of firearms (as defined by NFA) and it imposed a special occupational tax on persons and/or entities engaged in the business of selling, importing, or manufacturing of firearms (as defined by NFA). It also required the registration of all firearms (as defined by NFA). These included long guns having barrels
shorter than 18 inches, certain firearms described as “any other weapon,” (AOW) machineguns, and silencers. 1

The 1968 US Supreme Court decision in Haynes v. United States made the NFA of 1934 unenforceable. In this case, the Court held that the registration requirement of the Act violated the United States Constitution’s Fifth Amendment protection against self-incrimination. What was happening is when a possessor of an NFA defined firearm registered with the Federal Government, the Feds could tell the State Government and the States could then prosecute the possessor of the NFA defined firearm for violating State law. Thus, in effect making them tell on themselves. 2

In order to ‘fix’ the NFA, on 22 Oct 1968, the Gun Control Act GCA) of 1968 was approved.  The Title II amendment of the GCA removed the requirement for possessors of unregistered NFA firearms to register and added a provision prohibiting the use of any information from an NFA application/registration as evidence against the person in a criminal proceeding. In the 1971 US Supreme Court case United States v. Freed the Court held that the GCA cured the Constitutional defect in the NFA. 3

The GCA also amended the NFA definition of a firearm by adding destructive devices and expanding the definition of a machinegun. 4

On 19 May 1986, the approval of the Firearm Owners’ Protection Act (FOPA) amended the NFA definition of silencer by adding combinations of parts for silencers and any part intended for use in the assembly or fabrication of a silencer. The FOPA also amended the GCA to prohibit the transfer or possession of machineguns except by government agencies and those lawfully possessed prior to 19 May 1986. 5


      • National Firearms Act (NFA) Special Occupational Tax (SOT)
      • National Firearms Act (NFA) Tax Stamp

Federal Firearms License

In the United States, a Federal Firearms License (FFL) is required to engage in the business of selling, pawning, manufacturing (including gunsmithing) or importing firearms or ammunition. Individuals or businesses that hold a Federal Firearms License are known as Federal Firearms Licensees (FFL). 1

The types of FFLs are: 2 3

      • Type 01 – Dealer in firearms other than destructive devices (includes gunsmiths).
      • Type 02 – Pawnbroker in firearms other than destructive devices.
      • Type 03 – Collector of curios & rellics.
      • Type 06 – Manufacturer of ammunition for firearms other than ammunition for destructive devices or armor piercing ammunition.
      • Type 07 – Manufacturer of firearms other than destructive devices.
      • Type 08 – Importer of firearms or ammunition for firearms other than destructive devices or ammunition other than armor piercing ammunition.
      • Type 09 – Dealer in destructive devices.
      • Type 10 – Manufacturer of destructive devices, ammunition for destructive devices, or armor piercing ammunition.
      • Type 11 – Importer of destructive devices, ammunition for destructive devices, or armor piercing ammunition.

Classic American Gunsmith maintains a Type 01 FFL (dealer), a Type 07 FFL (manufacturer) and a Class 2 SOT (manufacturer).

The ATF’s National Firearms Act Handbook defines FFL as ” a Federal firearms licensee, person or entity having a license to import, manufacture, or deal in firearms under the GCA.” 4 5



Gauge is a unit of measurement used to state the interior bore diameter of a shotgun barrel. 1 The unit is determined by the weight, written as a fraction of one pound, of a lead sphere that will fit into the bore. For example, a sphere made of 1/12th pound of lead is .729″ in diameter. The interior bore diameter of a 12 ga. shotgun barrel is also .729″.

Gauge is commonly abbreviated as ga., ga, or G.

The size of the .410 Bore shotgun is the common exception to the use of gauge in this manner. If the .410 Bore shotgun was identified by gauge, it would be a 67.62 gauge.

Independence Day Holiday

Classic American Gunsmith will be closed Wednesday-Friday, 4-6 Jul 2018. The shop will reopen Monday, 9 Jul 2018. We will receive incoming transfers during this period. They will be available for transfer on/after Monday, 9 Jul 2018.

We hope that everyone has a safe and happy Independence Day holiday. As you celebrate, please take a moment to remember and thank the men and women in uniform who sacrifice to maintain the independence this holiday celebrates.

IWI Tavor Armorer Course

Although I have been working on them for years, I finally signed up for an Israel Military Industries (IMI) Ltd. ⇒ Tavor Armorer’s course. This course will familiarize me with the basic maintenance, breakdown, and conversions for the Tavor SAR & the X95. Additionally, it will cover left-to-right & right-to-left conversions on both models as well as 9mm conversions on the SAR. They are even going to make me take a written test (wish me luck).

I do not expect anything presented in this course to be groundbreaking for me. I do hope that there will be some tips and tricks that will allow me to find more efficient methods for doing certain jobs associated with working on the many Tavor’s that come into the shop.

I will take the course in June 2018. I have made arrangements so that the shop will open normal hours while I am attending the course. I will post more on this once I return from training.